Return to Curriculum

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

By the end of reception children will develop theirs self-confidence and self-awareness: children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.

Management of feelings and behaviour: children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

Ability to make relationships: children play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.

How can parents and carers help?

  • All children thrive on established routines! They need the love and security that you offer them day and night and they need to learn about expectations, acceptable behaviour and boundaries.
  • Your child needs to be able to work and play co-operatively in a group beyond the family. Encourage them to share, to co-operate, to behave appropriately, to exercise self-discipline and to treat their surroundings with care.
  • Make tidying up after an activity a regular occurrence, teach them that it is polite to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’, that it is kind to offer someone else a sweet, that it is rude to interrupt when you are talking to someone else.
  • Play games with them so that they learn to share and take turns. Encourage them to help you around the house, putting shopping away, sorting the washing, setting the table. Teach your child values, such as kindness, fairness, respect, honesty, concern for others and right and wrong.
  • Enjoy your child’s company, make time to talk with them, listen to them.  If you are able to do this then all of the other qualities will develop naturally in everyday situations.